Century is committed to keeping our patients safe. We're following the recommendations of the Centers for Disease Control and Illinois Department of Public Health. This includes social distancing, using TeleMedicine virtual visits and scheduling patients by priority. To reduce the volume in our waiting room and the potential risk of infection, we will be migrating towards pre-screened urgent health visits or TeleHealth visits. We appreciate your understanding as we work to increase our capacity while keeping you safe.
If you are sick, have a fever, a newly presented dry cough, have travelled internationally, please do not visit the office. Instead, call us to setup a TeleMedicine visit, or contact your Primary Care Physician for further instruction. Century is not able to provide screening or testing for COVID-19.
If you present with Ansomia (loss of smell) or Ageusia (Loss of taste), Have been COVID-19 Positive within the past 4 weeks, or have been in direct contact with someone who has tested positive, please do not enter the practice. Let us know and we can recommend a Telemedicine visit.
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We deeply appreciate your patience and understanding as we work to ensure your safety and the safety of our staff and their families.
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of the front of the neck. It produces thyroid hormone, which controls your metabolism, temperature regulation, and keeps your muscles and organs working properly. Diseases of the thyroid, whether functional (hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism) or structural (nodule, goiter, cancer), occur very commonly.
A nodule is an area of abnormal growth within the thyroid gland. Some people have a single nodule while others have multiple nodules within the gland. Thyroid nodules, which are particularly common in women, can be tiny to very large in size.
Most thyroid nodules are non-cancerous, do not cause symptoms, and do not need any treatment. In some cases, however, because of the size, appearance (on radiology tests), or symptoms caused by the nodule, additional evaluation and treatment may be needed.
What Are the Symptoms of Thyroid Nodules?
Because many thyroid nodules are small, they may cause no symptoms. However, some nodules can cause the thyroid to grow (called a goiter), some can be overactive and lead to hyperthyroidism, and some can be thyroid cancers. If patients do experience symptoms they may include:
- A lump in the neck
- Difficulty swallowing
- Pressure in the neck
What Are the Treatment Options?
Most thyroid nodules require no treatment. Depending on the type of nodule and related symptoms, different treatment options may be appropriate. In some cases, thyroid surgery is needed.
Your endocrinologist or ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist, may order or perform:
- Thyroid function tests, including thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
- Blood tests, or radiology examination
- An ultrasound to see the size and appearance of the nodule
- A fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy, which is a safe, relatively painless procedure. In this procedure, a small needle is passed into the lump, and tissue samples containing cells are taken and then sent to a pathologist for testing.
What Questions Should I Ask My Doctor?
- What are the risks of thyroid surgery?
- Is it an outpatient or inpatient procedure?
- What kind of recovery should I expect after thyroid surgery?
- What kind of a scar should I expect?
- What kind of wound care will I need to do after discharge?
- What kind of pain should I expect?
- Do I need thyroid medication after thyroid surgery?
Copyright 2021. American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery Foundation. Last reviewed April 2020.