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Posts for category: Otolaryngology

By Century Ear, Nose, Throat, Head & Neck Surgery
May 22, 2020
Category: Otolaryngology
Tags: Plastic Surgery  

Are you considering facial plastic surgery? Here at Century Ear Nose & Throat-Head & Neck Surgery in Evergreen Park, New Lenox, and Orland Park, IL, our seven otolaryngologists are highly experienced in both medical and cosmetic facial procedures—read on to learn more.

What is facial plastic surgery?

These in-office and in-hospital procedures address congenital and acquired facial defects of the nose, ear, lips, eyelids, and neck. Medical reconstructive procedures address unbalanced facial features, cleft lip or palate, birthmarks, and other problems people are born with. Also, they take care of acquired problems from auto accidents, burns, cancer, occupational accidents, and more.

Cosmetic procedures address detracting defects such as drooping eyelids, wrinkled/sagging skin, large/crooked noses, and more.

Do you qualify for facial plastic surgery?

Many Orland Park area people do. From children to teens and adults, patients desire better personal appearance, more self-confidence, and healthier overall function. At Century Ear Nose & Throat Head & Neck Surgery, our board-certified providers perform complete exams and sophisticated digital imaging to formulate each treatment plan.

As the patient, you should tell your physician your appearance goals. You'll learn what's realistically possible and what the surgery entails, including anesthesia and recovery.

Offered procedures

Our board-certified ENT doctors offer the following:

  • Blepharoplasty, to lift drooping eyelids
  • Liposuction, to remove excess fat from buttocks, thighs and other problem areas
  • Rhinoplasty, to correct defects in nasal cartilage, including shape and size
  • Facelift, or Rhytidectomy, to tighten and smooth aging skin
  • Chin, cheek, and lip implants
  • Eyebrow lift

Our staff also delivers non-surgical aesthetic treatments such as microdermabrasion, dermal fillers, and BOTOX injectables to limit scarring, brighten skin tone, and make lines and wrinkles less obvious.

Find out more

At Century Ear Nose & Throat Head & Neck Surgery, our professional team provides general and surgical ENT services for both adults and children. We look forward to seeing you for a facial plastic surgery consultation at one of our three offices. For the Evergreen Park, New Lenox or Orland Park, IL, locations, phone (708) 460-0007.

By Century Ear, Nose, Throat, Head & Neck Surgery
April 01, 2020
Category: Otolaryngology
Tags: Nasal issues  

Congestion and other nasal issues can make you feel miserable and affect your ability to breathe easily. Here are five common nasal problems and discusses treatment options.

Allergic rhinitis

Your nose is particularly sensitive to the effects of allergens in the air. Exposure to pollens, grass, weed, or mold can trigger uncomfortable symptoms, including:

  • Frequent sneezing
  • Congestion that makes breathing more difficult
  • Runny nose
  • Pain and pressure in your sinuses
  • Itchy nose, eyes, ears, and throat
  • Watery eyes
  • Scratchy throat

Allergy medications or shots, prescription nasal sprays, decongestants, and antihistamines can help prevent or reduce your symptoms.

Non-allergic rhinitis

Non-allergic rhinitis isn't caused by airborne allergens, even though the symptoms are the same. Exposure to strong irritants, such as smoke, dust, pollution, and strong odors can cause the problem. Saline nasal spray can help wash away irritants, reducing your symptoms. Decongestants and prescription corticosteroid or antihistamine nasal sprays may also be helpful.

Nosebleeds

Nosebleeds happen to nearly everyone occasionally and are usually caused by dry nasal passages or a blow to the nose. Saline nasals sprays and water-based nasal gels help moisten your nasal passages. If your nosebleed is severe, it may be necessary to cauterize the blood vessel to stop the bleeding.

Deviated septum

Your septum is a layer of bone and cartilage that separates your nostrils. Very few people have perfectly proportional septums. Although many of us have deviated septums, in most cases the deviation is minor and doesn't affect breathing. If the deviation is severe, you may experience:

  • Congestion
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Frequent sinus infections
  • Nosebleeds
  • Headaches
  • Postnasal drip
  • Snoring and sleep apnea

Nasal polyps

Nasal polyps are small growths that occur on the lining of your nose. Although they're usually benign, they can make it more difficult to breathe, cause runny noses and sinus pain, and increase your risk of sinus infections. Nasal corticosteroid strays can help shrink polyps, and antihistamines may be useful in reducing chronic nasal inflammation. If your polyps are large and other treatments haven't been unsuccessful, your ENT may recommend surgery.

Not sure what's causing your nasal issues? An ear, nose and throat doctor can diagnose the problem and offer treatments that will help you breathe easier. Call your ENT to schedule your appointment.

By Century Ear, Nose, Throat, Head & Neck Surgery
February 27, 2020
Category: Otolaryngology
Tags: Breathing Problems  

Having trouble breathing or catching your breath can certainly be a cause for concern. While it’s normal to be out of breath after an intense workout there are times when symptoms such as chest tightness, persistent coughing, wheezing and trouble breathing appear and any of these symptoms are usually signs that something more serious is going on.

As you might imagine, most breathing problems are associated with lung or respiratory conditions. These are problems that an otolaryngologist can easily help you treat or manage. Common lung conditions that can affect breathing include:

Asthma: a chronic condition that affects millions and causes inflammation and airway constriction, which results in coughing, wheezing and chest tightness. Symptoms can range from mild to life threatening.

Pneumonia: an infection of the respiratory tract that causes inflammation and fluid buildup in the lungs. It’s important to see an otolaryngologist immediately for treatment, as untreated pneumonia could be dangerous (and also highly contagious). Symptoms of pneumonia include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Shallow breathing
  • Productive cough, often with yellow or green mucus
  • Chest pain that occurs when breathing deeply or coughing
  • Chills
  • Muscle aches
  • Sweating and fever
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): this is a group of chronic inflammatory lung diseases that cause airway obstructions within the lungs. The most common types of COPD are chronic bronchitis and emphysema, a condition that most often occurs in smokers. Common symptoms of COPD include:

  • Wheezing
  • Mucus production
  • Persistent cough
  • Trouble breathing
  • Chest tightness

This is a progressive condition that will make breathing even more difficult as the condition advances. It’s important to see an ENT doctor right away if you notice any symptoms of COPD. Early symptoms include exercise-induced rapid breathing, a persistent cough, and clearing your throat often (usually in the morning).

Lung cancer: this type of cancer develops anywhere in the lungs, allowing abnormal cells to multiply until a tumor forms. While many people who develop lung cancer are smokers, this form of cancer can also develop in those who have never smoked a day in their life. Early warning signs of lung cancer include:

  • Vocal changes
  • Hoarseness
  • Chronic cough
  • Bloody mucus when coughing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Feeling weak
  • Unexpected weight loss

Since the early warning signs associated with lung cancer can also be caused by other respiratory conditions it is important to turn to an ear, nose, and throat doctor who will be able to perform the proper diagnostic tests to determine the cause of your symptoms.

If you are having trouble catching your breath it’s important that you find out why this is happening to you. Call your ENT doctor today for an evaluation.

By Century Ear, Nose, Throat, Head & Neck Surgery
January 31, 2020
Category: Otolaryngology
Tags: Dizziness  

It’s normal to experience bouts of dizziness if we are stressed, taking certain medications or haven’t eaten in a while; however, what might be going on if your dizziness persists? Dizziness isn’t an uncommon symptom. In fact, most people will experience dizziness that is serious enough to warrant seeing a doctor. While you may visit a family physician to find out what’s going on, don’t be surprised if you end up being referred to an ear, nose & throat doctor.

What causes dizziness?

Dizziness refers to a serious of sensations that make you feel lightheaded, off balance, unsteady or feeling like the world around you is spinning (vertigo). Sometimes dizziness may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting, particularly during more severe episodes. These symptoms can be unnerving but an otolaryngologist can often help.

The most common causes of dizziness that we see include:

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV): This problem affects the inner ear and can lead to persistent episodes of vertigo. Symptoms usually last no more than a minute and will typically come and go. Unfortunately, there often is no cause of BPPV; however, sometimes migraines or inner ear damage may be to blame. Sometimes this condition will go away on its own but an ENT doctor can also provide you with treatment options such as physical therapy that can get rid of symptoms sooner.

Vestibular neuronitis: Inflammation of the eight cranial nerve, known as the vestibular nerve, results in severe vertigo episodes that may cause you to lose balance. This condition can also cause nausea and vomiting. Symptoms usually last anywhere from 7 to 10 days and become milder over the course of several months. A viral or bacterial infection is usually to blame for inflammation of the vestibular nerve.

There are certain medications that can be prescribed by an ENT specialist to help lessen the severity and duration of your symptoms. Sometimes a special type of physical therapy is performed to treat this condition.

Labyrinthitis: This inner ear disorder occurs when one of the two vestibular nerves becomes inflamed. Along with dizziness, vertigo, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), and nausea you may also lose hearing in one ear. Any changes to your hearing warrant immediate medical attention. Viral, respiratory, and bacterial infections can all cause this disorder.

Medications such as corticosteroids, sedatives and antihistamines may be prescribed to help with your symptoms. Just like with vestibular neuronitis, a type of physical therapy known as vestibular rehabilitation therapy (VRT) may also be recommended.

Meniere disease: This progressive inner ear condition also causes similar symptoms to labyrinthitis including tinnitus, hearing loss, pressure in the ears, and dizziness. Symptoms will gradually get worse over time, and these attacks may also cause a rapid pulse, blurry vision and anxiety.

While there is no cure, there are treatment options that can effectively manage your dizziness and also reduce fluid in the ear. Medications such as steroids, motion sickness medicines, and diuretics are often used, as well as rehabilitation, therapy, hearing aids, and sometimes surgery.

If you are dealing with dizziness or any other warning signs of an ear problem it’s a good time to turn to an ENT doctor who can help you find the right treatment to get you back on two steady feet again.

By Century Ear, Nose, Throat, Head & Neck Surgery
December 19, 2019
Category: Otolaryngology
Tags: Sinus Surgery  

Acute sinusitis can be a miserable condition for many. Characterized by inflammation in the lining of your nose and sinuses, the condition can make it hard to drain the mucus from your nose, causing difficulty and pain while sleeping and breathing.

If you and your doctor have tried antibiotics, antihistamines, nasal sprays, or flushing treatments to treat your acute sinusitis to no avail, it may be time to ask Dr. Brian Farrell of Century Ear, Nose and Throat, Head and Neck Surgery in Orland Park, IL, about sinus surgery options.

Before recommending any sort of surgery, we will go over your medical history at our Orland Park office and diagnose the source of your sinusitis, using scans or tests to ensure any procedure will be safe and effective at addressing the cause. Here are some of the nasal surgery options that we offer at our Orland Park office:

Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS)

This procedure uses an endoscope, a slim fiber-optic tube, to examine the sinus openings and remove any tissues that are causing blockage. This sinus surgery is done entirely through the nostrils, which allows for quicker healing and less discomfort. Nasal packing or nasal irrigation may be recommended follow-ups to FESS.

Caldwell Luc operation

Named for an American physician and a French laryngologist, this sinus surgery is commonly used when there is a tumor in the sinus cavity. A more invasive surgery, your doctor at our Orland Park office will reach your maxillary sinus, under the eye, by entering through your upper jaw above one of your molar teeth. An opening will be created to allow for better sinus drainage.

Image-guided surgery

This high-tech method is best for severe cases of acute sinusitis. Using CT scanning and infrared signals, we can very precisely navigate the sinus passage to remove or fix the tissue causing your sinus problems.

Need medical care? Give us a call

If you are suffering from acute sinusitis and find that previous treatments and remedies are providing you no relief, call Century Ear, Nose and Throat, Head and Neck Surgery in Orland Park at 708-460-0007 to schedule a consultation. We are committed to helping you breathe easy.